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Prompt Treatment Is Important

When the missing clotting factor is administered, it circulates immediately in the blood so the body can use it right away to form a blood clot. Once the blood clot is made and the bleeding has stopped, the body begins to reabsorb the blood that has leaked into the tissues and joints.

Without prompt treatment, extra blood can pool in the joint or soft tissue and cause pain and swelling that takes longer to go away.

While permanent damage can occur from even one major joint bleed, joint damage occurs more commonly over time from repeated bleeding into a joint. Even minor joint bleeds can lead to damage and arthritis.

If treatment is administered soon after a bleed starts, the bleeding will stop faster, and less blood will need to be reabsorbed. Early treatment will minimize the risk of joint damage. If there is a doubt about whether to treat, always decide on the side of treatment: When in doubt, treat.


First Aid

In general, small cuts and scrapes are treated with usual first-aid measures: clean the cut and then apply pressure and an adhesive bandage. Deep cuts or internal bleeding, such as bleeding into the joints or muscles, require treatment by replacing the missing clotting factor to a level close to normal in order to produce a firm clot and stop the bleeding.

To print out a copy of the R.I.C.E. instructions, click icon.